“The survey’s main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest.
The assessors’ reckoning of a man’s holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name “Domesday Book” (Middle English for “Doomsday Book”) came into use in the 12th century.
Surnames became common in England between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries when governments introduced personal taxation and are generally derived from four sources:
“Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax.”
Read more: http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/baker